PART II - Advanced Municipal Law Enforcement

NOTICE: The Municipal Law Enforcement Officers' Association has been closely monitoring the COVID-19 outbreak and the recommendations and directives of our government and health care professionals.  These are unprecedented times and we are committed to continuing to deliver our training programs to you in a way so as to protect the health and safety of our students and instructors.

With this in mind, we are actively investigating interim measures that will enable us to bring virtual training to you, as well as positioning ourselves for a safe return to the classroom when appropriate.

Your patience and support is truly appreciated as we work through the methodology and logistics of these changes, and in particular to bringing on-line training to you.

If you are currently registered for a course, we will be reaching out to you to provide you with specific updates as soon as possible.

If you are looking to register for a course, please continue to monitor our website.  New training opportunities will be posted on this site as they become available.

Of course, if you have any questions please reach to us at or to the Education chair directly at

Pre-requisite:  The MLEOA Part I - Municipal Law Enforcement Foundations program is a pre-requisite for this course.  The advanced Course builds on what was learned in Part I and expands on the knowledge required to enforce municipal law in Ontario.  This course is intended to build on the skills and knowledge that the student has been applying on the job as an enforcement officer.

Admission criteria:  This course is open ONLY to individuals who are actively employed by a municipality, eligible to hold a student membership, or have an employment history in a related field eg: provincial ministry, security, auxiliary or retired police officer, etc.

Pre-course preparation (for registered students):

Students registered for this program are required to have successfully completed the Part I Foundations Course.  With this in mind, students registered for this program will be required to complete an INDEPENDENT PRE-COURSE READING/REVIEW of Part I Foundations - Notebooks; Legal Terminology; POA Part I; POA Part III and Understanding Legislation prior to attending the course.  A self-graded quiz will be administered at the commencement of the course to enable students to assess the required level of studies they need to undertake for successful completion of the training course.  (Effective March 2018, instructors will no longer be undertaking a comprehensive review of the Foundations Course.) 

Course outline and grading:

This program requires the student to complete in-class instructon on a wide variety of topics related to the enforcement of municipal by-laws and provincial statutes,  Investigative Procedures, Evidence Gathering, Interviewing and Statements, Evidence, Court Procedures, Examination in Chief, Surviving Cross Examination, Authorities and Rights of Entry, Alternative Work Processes (Work Orders, Notices of Deficiency, etc.) and Ethical Reasoning. Group work outside of the regular class hours (evenings) is required by all students.

Graded In-class practicals will include preparation of Part I and Part III charging documents, maintenance of notebooks, as well as  application of lesson material involving group work based on a scenario, execution of charging documents, preparation of a crown brief, disclosure and a mock trial.  Details of course modules are set out below. 

Details of Course Modules:

Students are required to have a comprehensive knowledge arising from Part I Foundations of Notebooks, Legal Terminology, Understanding Legislation as well as POA Part I and POA Part III. (Pre-course reading/review of Part I Foundations is required).  A self-graded quiz will be administered at the commencement of the class.

Students must be familiar with and be able to complete a Part I Certificate of Offence including Provincial Offences Notice and Summons as well as a Part III Information and Summons and be able to undertake proper service for each charging method.  (In-class graded practicals will be administered).

Evidence:  Building on what was learned in the Part I Foundations course, students will review the burden of proof and concepts of collecting evidence, how it is collected, where it is stored, how it is used in the court process and legal challenges an officer may face at trial.

Investigative Techniques and Evidence Gathering:  Students will learn how to complete an investigation, role of the investigator, using your senses, investigator skills, interviewing, scene investigation,continuity of evidence, evidence rules, Ontario Justice system, Information vs. Evidence, etc.

Cognitive Interviewing:  Students will learn skills on interviewing and taking statements from witnesses and the defendant.  This will involve using notebooks to document information, exclusion of statements (hearsay rules), officer memory, disclosure case law, goals of an interview, observing non-verbal communications, etc.

Prosecution Briefs:  Students will learn the concepts of building a prosecution brief, its components and how and why it is used by prosecutors.  These skills will be applied by students when preparing a mock prosecution brief as part of the required mock court practical exercise.

Court Proceedings:  Students will learn the players in the court process and their roles, stages of legal proceedings and the Voir Dire process.

Testimony - Examination in Chief: Students will learn the concepts of giving evidence and using notes while testifying, tips for giving evidence and types of questioning.

Testimony: Surviving Cross Examination - Students will learn the theory behind cross examination and what the defence is trying to do, types of questioning, preparing for court, antcipating questions and possible defenses.

Authorities & Rights of Entry:  Students will learn their rights of entry under municipal by-laws and provincial statutes including the Ontario Municipal Act, Building Code Act, Plannng Act and Provincial Offences Act.  They will also learn when warrantless search is authorized or when a warrant is required to ensure compliance with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Ethical Reasoning:  Students will learn the concept of ethics and the application of principles, morals and values, using discretion, abuse of power, ethical influences, integrity and the 6 pillars of character.

Prosecution Crown Brief Exercise/Scenario:  Students are issued a mock scenario that requires them to create a prosecution crown brief that includes all required information, documents, investigative notes and evidence to prove the violation of a municipal by-law based on the scenario they are issued.  The student must also prepare a Part III Information and Summons, and swear the charging document before a Justice of the Peace.  Following the preparation of the prosecution crown brief the student must provie a copy of disclosure to the "defendant" and prepare and participate in a mock court.

Mock Court  Practical:  Based on the mock scenario issued to the student they will participate in a mock court practical exercise where they will present evidence and provide testimony during examination in chief and under cross examination.


Students must achieve a final grade of  75% or higher in order to successfully complete the course.

Final Grade will be composed of examination (85%), in-class practicals and participation (15%)

2020 Course dates: 

Due to COVID-19 all 2020 Part I Foundations classes will be rescheduled.  Further information will be communicated to registered students as soon as available.

Inquiries regarding 2020 Part I Foundations classes may be directed Brenda Russell, Education Chair.  


2021 Course dates:

Due to COVID-19 we are unable to release any 2021 Course dates at this time.  We look forward to returning to the classroom and to serving the training needs of our members as we move into 2021.   Please monitor this page for 2021 course dates which will be released as soon as they become available.

If you have any questions regarding our training programs or require assistance during this time, please contact us

Thank you for your patience and understanding during these unprecedented times.